William Davidson Award for publication in the field of retail research
Award-winning article identifying five different customer journey segments
Oliver Emrich, Professor of Management and Social Media at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), has been awarded the prestigious William R. Davidson Award for a publication in the field of retail research.
Entitled "Loyalty Formation for Different Customer Journey Segments", it has been acknowledged as the best contribution to the Journal of Retailing, a leading periodical in the field, in 2019. The authors investigated the impact of technological change on consumer behavior and identified five customer segments, which differ from one another in terms of how individuals search and purchase products.
Customer segments have remained unchanged for several years
"Nowadays, new touchpoints such as online shops, search engines, and social media offer customers more opportunities to design their own shopping trip, from the initial search through to the purchase", outlined Professor Oliver Emrich the starting point of the study. The study highlights how consumers design their customer journey, i.e., their purchasing activities using a variety of information and purchasing channels. The authors identified five groups of consumers on the basis of field data obtained in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria: store-focused shoppers, pragmatic online shoppers, extensive online shoppers, multiple touchpoint shoppers using a range of different touchpoints, and online-to-offline shoppers, who find information online and then make their purchase in physical stores.
These five segments differ in terms of the selection of the touchpoints they use and their general search and purchasing behavior. These segments can be described in terms of their socio-demographic and psychographic characteristics. The researchers monitored purchasing behavior at two points in time in 2013 and 2016, recording around 2,500 shopping trips on each occasion. The study showed that the segments have remained stable over the years and continue to remain resilient in the face of new technologies.
Shopping in physical stores still attractive despite availability of mobile technologies
"It was particularly notable that retail in physical stores continues to play a significant role in three of the five segments, and that mobile technologies have not replaced other touchpoints but rather supplement the customer journey", stated Emrich in summarizing the research results. Mobile use in retail is gaining ground in one of the customer segments, in which the use of smartphones during the customer journey has increased more than tenfold over a period of three years.
The study also looked at how businesses can best target the various customer segments and generate customer loyalty in times of extensive access to information and a wide range of options. Depending on customer segment, differing factors of the customer experience play the main role when it comes to appealing to potential customers. The findings of the study should help businesses develop strategies for different customer journeys and thus effectively tackle the challenges faced by the retail trade.